Torque Tips | What is ABS

What is ABS

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-A crucial safety feature for you and your family-

Speeding down the highway on your way to work and trying to make it on time when another vehicle pushes right in front of you. Instantly you hit the brakes and notice a light in your display. This signal informs you that your ABS is doing its job. Safety on the roads are our focus and we often emphasise it to our readers that commute daily. We want our families, friends and loved ones to arrive safely at their destination, always. Today we want to discuss the computer-controlled safety system ABS (anti-lock braking system) by weighing the pros and cons along with briefing you on the different ABS types available on various vehicles. Educating women is an uplifting process we relish and one of our core purposes and we hope this information helps you to better understand the beauty you drive and what drives it. Do not be shy to share your discoveries with all the special women in your life as well, let us empower one another.   

What are ABS and how does it work?

Let us dive right in, anti-lock braking system also known as ABS is a safety feature that is standard on most vehicles today. The 1st passenger vehicles fitted with ABS was produced in 1970. Many refinements and updates have occurred from then.

ABS acts as an anti-skid braking system to avoid the wheels from locking when you brake. By doing this the brakes assist the vehicle to maintain traction on the road. ABS work alongside your regular braking system and automatically locks and unlocks the brakes at 100 times per second while your foot is firmly pressed on the brake pedal. This enables the driver to still steer the vehicle as no wheel lock will occur.

The importance of ABS:

ABS is a non negotiable feature on vehicles today, it grants you with better control of the vehicle in all road conditions. Where possible hard braking may be necessary along with ABS decreasing the stopping distance. As new vehicles become more powerful fast deceleration is vital and that’s where ASB comes into play.

How to identify if my vehicle has ABS installed?

Got it, spot it. It should be indicated on a display that lights “ABS” when you start your vehicle if not then you can also browse through the vehicle owner’s manual. You can phone one of the vehicles manufacture’s local dealership to enquire about this. Another option is to look up the model of your vehicle on the manufacturer’s website.

Pros of an ABS system:

ABS permit you to brake and steer at the same time in case you must swerve out of the way. It offers better safety and stability in a range of situations and surfaces. ABS offer piece of mind to all drivers and passengers. ABS shorten the braking distance severely which could prevent a fatal accident or any damage to your vehicle.  

 

 

Different types of ABS:

·         4-channel and 4-sensor ABS:

It is the most common ABS available on vehicles today like popular city vehicles, sedans and hatchbacks and it means that there is a speed sensor on all four wheels and a separate valve all the wheels it individually monitors each wheel.

·         3-channel and 4-sensor ABS:

Commonly found on light bakkies and SUV’s. It has a speed sensor on all four wheels with a separate valve for the wheels on the front with only one valve for the wheels on the rear.

·         3-channel and 3-sensor ABS:

This ABS type is common on bakkies, SUV’s and minivans. It has one valve and speed sensor for each of the front wheels but only one valve and speed sensor for the rear.

·         2-channel and 4-sensor ABS:

This ABS type can be found on old vehicles usually from late 80’s to late 90’s models. With a speed sensor for each wheel and a valve for the front and rear axle.

·         1-channel and 1-sensor ABS:

Found on bakkies, SUV’s and minivans with rear-wheel ABS. it has one valve that controls both wheels at the rear and has only one speed-sensor that is in the rear as well.

Driving a vehicle installed with ABS makes you a proud contributor to safer South African roads up to 18 percent based on the findings of multiple studies conducted.  

Written by: Ashley Roos

 

 

 

 

 

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