Torque Tips | All about AWD, FWD, FWD and RWD

All about AWD, FWD, FWD and RWD

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-know more about your vehicles drivetrain-

We all have our own personal checklist when it comes to buying a vehicle and this is due to our unique lifestyles and preferences. Although the brand we prefer, the vehicles look as well as its features all play an important role in finally signing the papers you shouldn’t forget to look into the drive of the vehicle you are about to buy. Especially since many families would like to go on camping trips, and others often go on frequent long trips, and others might work in a rural area where they will often encounter dirt roads, that is why it is important to find out more about the vehicles drive and test drive it at the dealership. We are here to help you confirm the ideal drivetrain suited for your needs and driving habits, if you are looking into buying a new vehicle this upcoming festive season.

What is AWD, FWD, FWD and RWD?

AWD better known as All-Wheel drive:

All-wheel drive is a drivetrain type that provides power to all of your vehicles wheels and to both of the vehicles axles full-time or on-demand, All-wheel drive vehicles are also referred to as 4x4 vehicles, although they are not four-wheel drive (the biggest difference between all-wheel drive and four-wheel drive is the fact that all-wheel drive sends a variable amount of torque to each axle and a four-wheel drive drivetrain sends a fixed amount of torque to each axle). Owning or buying an all-wheel-drive vehicle means that you are able to tackle any terrain such as mud, sand, rocky terrain and the list goes on, these vehicles are designed to stay glued to the surface and to have enough power to pull through any challenge it is faced with. How all-wheel drive vehicles works is that when the vehicle detects that there is strain on one of the axles it will then divert some of the power to the other axle in order to give the vehicle more traction to continue moving on with your journey.

FWD better known as Four-Wheel Drive:

Four-wheel drive drivetrains are also called 4x4 as the name ‘four’ suggests, this drivetrain is a two-axle vehicle that sends the same amount of torque to both axles as mentioned above, and this can also be full-time or on-demand, and is usually sent via a transfer case that provides an additional output drive shaft and, in most cases additional gear ranges. The main benefit of owning or buying a four-wheel drive vehicle is the fact that this drivetrain drastically reduces weight and that also means that it offers better traction than an all-wheel drive vehicle would, its production cost is lower and offers better fuel economy when it is compared to an all-wheel drive vehicle. Diff lock is usually also fitted to 4x4 vehicles. This offers additional traction if so required.

FWD better known as Front wheel drive

Front wheel drive is where the vehicle is pulling with the 2 front wheels. This came about to the longitudinal outlay of some manufacturer’s engines. It saves weight and space. A front wheel drive vehicle has different driving characteristics to a rear wheel drive vehicle. With the vehicle pulling instead of pushing the over and understeer concept must be fully grasped by the potential vehicle buyer.

RWD better known as Rear-Wheel Drive:

Rear wheel drive is a type of drivetrain that sends most of its torque to the rear wheels and axle of your vehicle. This type of drivetrain offers better handling due to what they call ‘load transfer’ as there is a more even weigh distribution especially in acceleration, and makes it the ideal vehicle for driving up mountains and rocky terrains. Another big advantage of a rear wheel drive vehicle is the fact that it is cheaper in terms of maintenance and service as these vehicles don’t have so many intricate parts packed into a small space in your vehicles front but rather in the rear.

With ever you choose, we hope that this torque tip did the trick into ensuring that you choose the ideal drivetrain for your personal lifestyle and unique driving habits.

Written by: Ashley Roos